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 Accidental Occupational Blood/Body Fluid Exposure 

Exposure to blood borne viruses is an occupational hazard for health care workers.  The main viruses are Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C and HIV.


  • Treat any procedure where you may come into contact with blood or body fluids as high risk
  • Use appropriate personal protective equipment eg; gloves.  Any broken exposed skin must be protected with a waterproof dressing prior to going on duty
  • Never re-sheath needles
  • Ensure you are aware of your Hepatitis B immunity status
  • For each placement, ensure you are are aware of where to seek advice after an exposure

FIRST AID - Immediate Action After an Incident

  1. Flush the wound under running water
  2. Encourage bleeding (do not suck the wound)
  3. Cover damaged area of skin with a waterproof dressing
  4. When on placement, report incident to the senior person on duty
  5. Report incident to the placement's Occupational Health provider for a risk assessment to be undertaken. Treatment or follow up bloods may be required.
  6. If it is outside normal office hours then go straight to the local Accident & Emergency department for  a risk assessment to be undertaken
  7. Ensure an accident form is filled in. This should be the accident form which the placement would normally use
  8. Ensure you have reported the incident the same day or by the next working day if out of hours to UEA Occupational Health as a follow up appointment will be required.  Telephone us on 01603 529174.

IMPORTANT: Where to seek Occupational Health Assistance Immediately After an Exposure Incident 

Norfolk & Norwich HospitalJames Paget HospitalQueen Elizabeth Hospital
Normal Hours01603 28703501493 45261601553 613757
Nights & WeekendsA&E DeptA&E DeptA&E Dept

At other hospitals, it is your responsibility to find out at the start of your placement what the local arrangements for accessing help are.


Further Information

    Call 111 when you need medical help fast but it’s not a 999 emergencyNHS ChoicesThis site is brought to you by My Surgery Website